When written history began in Amanalco, the Hñahñú were already here.
Their presence dates back to the prehistoric era. Alleged proof is the following petroglyph of a human footprint, known as “the man of Amanalco”. The Hñahñú of old are the Otomíes of today.
The original name of our municipality –Nzabí– should be translated as “where much water springs”.
Most of Amanalco’s population has Otomí roots (pronounced Otomee).
Throughout their long history, the Otomí have distinguished themselves as a peace-loving people.
The Otomíes are scattered throughout several regions in central Mexico and the Otomí language varies slightly from region to region.
In the same way that German and English became standardized as languages with the translation of the Bible, the Otomí language of the state of Mexico came together as such with the translation of the New Testament.
The intricacies of the Otomí language never ceased to puzzle the original Spanish conquerors. If you would like to know what Otomí sounds like, you can listen here to some Bible stories.
In 1476, Axayácatl -grandson of Aztec emperor Moctezuma- subdued the Valley of Toluca, our geographical setting.
The original name of our municipality –Nzabí– was replaced by “Amanalco”, which means “close to the expanse of water” in the Aztec language. The name “Hñahñú”—replaced by the Aztecs with the new name “Otomí”-, probably means “arrow bearing hunters”.
It is interesting to note that the Otomíes were left with one benefit by the Spanish conquerors. Once freed from their Aztec overlords, they regained control over their ancestral lands.
On March 24, 1916, the Zapatista forces destroyed Amanalco’s municipal seat and burned down both the municipal and parish libraries. Amanalco’s historical annals were turned to ashes.
The most important contemporary record we possess is the monograph entitled “Amanalco”, authored by the official historian of our area, Raymundo Salinas Pineda. We are very grateful to him because much of the information contained in this website comes from his work.
BACKGROUND OF AMANALCO MUNICIPALITY
Amanalco is municipality number 7 of the State of Mexico and one of the 2,412 municipalities of Mexico. It lies within the district of Valle de Bravo.
On September 10, 1875, the name of the town was legally changed to “Villa Amanalco de Becerra” in homage to the town’s benefactor, José María Becerra Mancilla.
The first municipal president of Amanalco was elected in 1871 and held his post for one year. Subsequent presidents also stayed in office for only a year, until 1927. From 1928 to 1951, the post’s span was extended to two years. From 1996 until today, municipal presidents remain in office for a three year term.
The territorial extension of Amanalco is 219.49 square kilometers.
The municipal seat of Amanalco is located at 19°15’13” north latitude, and 100 ° 01’11” west longitude with respect to the Greenwich meridian. It rises 2,320 meters above sea level, but the territory of the municipality itself occupies different heights due to the mountainous terrain descending from the Xinantécatl volcano, better known as the Nevado de Toluca (“Nevado” meaning “snowy”).
Localities such as Capulín and Corral de Piedra, for instance, are 2,850 meters above sea level, while San Bartolomé is located just under 2,250 meters. The highest point of the municipality is Vilchis Hill at 3,300 meters above sea level.
We have 428.64 kms. of highway infrastructure.
Amanalco is 578.5 km east of Lázaro Cárdenas seaport, and 603.6 km. west of Veracruz seaport.
LAND TYPES AND USAGES
MAIN ELEVATIONS AND NEIGHBORHOODS
The municipality of Amanalco is divided politically into 28 localities.
Noteworthy are the municipal seat (Villa de Amanalco de Becerra) and the localities of Rincón de Guadalupe, San Bartolomé, San Jerónimo, San Juan, San Lucas, San Mateo, San Miguel, Tenextepec and San Sebastián el Grande.
There are also the “rancherías” of Agua Bendita, Capilla Vieja, Capulín, Hacienda Nueva, Huacal Viejo, El Pedregal, El Potrero, El Temporal and El Zacatal.
Lastly, we have the “Ancón” ranch; the neighborhoods of San Sebastián el Chico, Los Polvillos, Pueblo Nuevo, Providencia, Hacienda Nueva and Corral de Piedra; the Foundry’s ranch, and San Gaspar ranch.
As of the 2010 National Census, the municipality of Amanalco had 22,868 inhabitants: 11,224 men and 11,644 women.
According to that same census, there were 5,238 inhabited houses.
In general, the demographic evolution of Amanalco is very similar to that of other municipalities in the basin of Mexico, where population growth has been stable during the last four decades.